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Fig. 1

The OCD cycle.

First page of article

Advances in modern technology have contributed to the recent evolution of virtual therapy options for anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This article discusses videoconferencing, self-help, and Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) for anxiety disorders and OCD. Empirical support for ICBT for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, health anxiety, and OCD is reviewed, as are variables associated with treatment outcomes. Globally, ICBT for anxiety disorders and OCD is an efficacious treatment yet lack of patient engagement is a significant barrier. Lastly, clinical implications and future directions are identified to promote research that further improves these technological interventions.

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