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Fig. 1

A biopsychosocial and contextual model of healthy aging.

Fig. 2

Contextual Adult Lifespan Theory for Adapting Psychotherapy (CALTAP) model

First page of article

The prevention of mental health disorders in later life is greatly facilitated by the active promotion of positive mental well-being across the lifespan, but particularly in later life. A lifespan perspective is vital to helping older individuals achieve psychological well-being and includes the individual’s history and context as well as proximal (ie, life events) and distal (ie, biological) influences. An individual’s cultural context is increasingly recognized as vital in the context of clinical assessment and treatment. Life transitions may negatively impact well-being; interventions to restore wellbeing in such instances should work toward the patient’s own life goals. A clear and shared understanding of the individual’s history, context, and their own views of their aging can facilitate effective interventions.

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