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Fig. 1

A conceptual model of risk and protective factors that contribute to problematic alcohol use in Latino adolescents in the United States, organized within an ecodevelopmental framework. Specific variables within each category are based on findings in the literature from the past two decades as reviewed in this manuscript. Protective factors are italicized. aFactors with an asterisk are those with mixed findings in the literature.

Latino youth are the largest and fastest-growing ethnic minority group in the United States, and they face unique stressors that heighten their vulnerability to problematic alcohol use. This narrative review synthesizes the recent literature on problematic alcohol use in Latino adolescents in the US. Consistent with the ecodevelopmental framework, alcohol use among Latino adolescents is influenced by risk and protective factors across multiple contexts, including individual, family, peer, school, community, and sociocultural contexts. Although treatment efforts for alcohol use in Latino adolescents have made strides in the past two decades, they still lag behind efforts for other ethnic groups.

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aThroughout this article, we use the term Latinos to refer to individuals of Latin American and/or Hispanic descent.


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